Orocobre Limited Quarterly Report of Operations for the Period Ended 30 September 2019

OLAROZ LITHIUM FACILITY (ORE 66.5%)2Q1 FY20 production was 3,093 tonnes, up 35% on the previous corresponding period (PCP) and the highest ever recorded in a September quarter following a strategy of managing brine quality, new pond preparation and tailoring production to seasonal conditions. Record production was achieved despite extended maintenance activity during August which saw a full plant shutdown for five days and one of the two reactor units offline for the monthQuarterly sales revenue was US$22.1 million, down 21% QoQ with a realised average price achieved of US$7,111/tonne on a free on board basis (FOB)3. September quarter product pricing was below that of the June quarter due to current market softness. Sales volume for the quarter was down 8% QoQ to 3,108 tonnesGross cash margins (excluding export tax) of US$2,226/tonne were down 40% QoQ mainly due to the lower average price received and this represents 31% of revenueCash costs for the quarter (on cost of goods sold basis)4 were US$4,885/tonne, up 9% on QoQ excluding the export tax of US$420/t applicable since September 2018.LITHIUM GROWTH PROJECTSDuring the quarter Orocobre Managing Director and CEO Mr. Martín Pérez de Solay, Toyota Tsusho Corporation (TTC) and Toyotsu Lithium Corporation (TLC) representatives hosted a groundbreaking ceremony to signify the commencement of construction at the Naraha Lithium Hydroxide Plant (Naraha Plant)Project finance documentation was executed for a US$180 million debt facility that will be used for the Stage 2 Expansion of the Olaroz operationsConstruction of key items for the Stage 2 Expansion of the Olaroz Lithium Facility such as ponds, secondary liming plant, roads and camp upgrades continue to advance.BORAX ARGENTINAOverall sales volume for the September quarter was 12,480 tonnes, up 6% QoQ and up 33% PCPSales revenue was the same QoQ, with average price received down 6% QoQ due to the product mix.CORPORATEAs at 30 September 2019, Orocobre corporate had available cash of US$223.5 million after expenditure mainly related to funding Olaroz expansion activities, corporate costs and Cauchari JV expenditure. Including Sales de Jujuy S.A. (SDJ) and Borax Argentina S.A. (Borax) cash, project debt and working capital facilities, net group cash at 30 September 2019 was US$151.2 million.CAUCHARI JOINT VENTURE(ADVANTAGE LITHIUM OPERATOR 75% / OROCOBRE 25%)During the quarter Orocobre participated in a Private Placement by Advantage Lithium Corp. (Advantage) contributing C$1,536,025 at a price of C$0.41 per Common Share.OLAROZ LITHIUM FACILITYClick here for more information on OlarozSAFETYAn incident occurred at Olaroz during the quarter resulting in a Lost Time Injury (LTI). As at 30 September, operations had achieved 47 days without an LTI.During the quarter SDJ completed a large-scale plant maintenance shutdown, with over 300 people working simultaneously on the facilities with the common objective of executing 125 scheduled tasks. The complexity of the work was high, and it was successfully completed without incident. This was achieved through comprehensive collaboration across all departments, a commitment to the shared objective and ample programming and compliance.DuPont’s safety improvement plan continues to address key risks and priorities. Improvement initiatives conducted during the quarter included the elimination of plant-based risk factors and the provision of additional support for middle management to master the hazard and risk identification process.The reporting of incidents and observations is now being managed entirely through Intelex (a cloud based environmental, health, safety and quality management system), which enables timely and dynamic management of performance afforded by Intelex’s mobile incident reporting capabilities.Meetings and initiatives continue through the central safety committee and five subcommittees (training, operational discipline, audit, risk management and incidents investigations) with the focus currently on follow-up action and minimising delivery times.PRODUCTION, SALES AND OPERATIONAL UPDATEPRODUCTION AND SALESProduction for the September quarter was 3,093 tonnes up from 2,293 tonnes on PCP despite the previously mentioned maintenance shut in August. Product sales were 3,108 tonnes of lithium carbonate with an average price of US$7,111/tonne on an FOB basis and total sales revenue of US$22.1 million. The average price received during the quarter was down 13% QoQ.Gross cash margins for the quarter (excluding export tax) were 31% or US$2,226/tonne, down 40% QoQ and 78% on PCP. Operating costs (on a cost of goods sold basis, excluding export tax) were US$4,885/tonne up 9% QoQ and 5% on PCP. Costs were negatively impacted by higher cost carry forward inventory (from Q4 FY19) sold in Q1 FY20, lower production and sales volume.OPERATIONAL UPDATEThe operational strategy continues to focus on safety, quality and productivity.The scheduled plant maintenance shutdown at Olaroz during August was successfully completed without any LTIs or environmental incidents. The program was completed under budget and saw a full shutdown of production for five days and one of the two reactor vessels out of operation for the remainder of the month. As a result, August production was approximately 400 tonnes below that of both July and September.Operational improvements were undertaken to enhance soda ash dosing in the plant’s reactors, resulting in lower soda ash consumption rates. Lime consumption was also reduced after upgrades to the liming plant’s ball mill and the implementation of better controls across key operative processes.Salt harvesting activities have been completed with all eight Stage 1 harvest ponds now cleared. 4,363 tonnes of Lithium Carbonate Equivalent (LCE) was collected during the salt harvesting process, equivalent to 132% of forecast recoveries. With the increase in pond area from the Stage 2 Expansion, future salt harvesting will become a continuous process where ponds are harvested on a rotational basis over a three-year cycle.FUTURE GUIDANCEOrocobre expects that full-year production for FY20 will be at least 5% higher than FY19. Discussions with customers for December quarter sales remain incomplete, however initial indications are that the average sales price in the December quarter will be approximately US$6,200 – US$6,500/tonne.STAGE 2 EXPANSION AT OLAROZDuring the quarter Orocobre announced the finalisation of the finance facility for the Olaroz Lithium Facility Stage 2 Expansion. Comprehensive project finance documentation between Orocobre, TTC, SDJ, Jujuy Energia y Minera Sociedad del Estado (JEMSE), Mizuho Bank Ltd and Japan Oil, Gas and Metals National Corporation (JOGMEC) has been executed for a US$180 million debt facility (the Facility) that will be used for the Stage 2 Expansion. Principal repayments will be made biannually, commencing 10 September 2022.Under the terms of the January 2018 Share Subscription Agreement between TTC and Orocobre the parties agreed to provide non cash-backed guarantees for the Facility. Orocobre also agreed to hold US$135 million of cash in a separate reserve account. The cash will be held in an interest-bearing term deposit by Orocobre and may be utilised to meet any Stage 2 Expansion cost overruns and other defined events should they occur.Upon completion of Stage 2 Expansion 82.35% of the Orocobre/TTC guarantee will be replaced by a guarantee from JOGMEC and that proportion of the US$135 million cash will then be available for Orocobre corporate purposes. The remaining capital that is required for the Stage 2 Expansion will be provided through shareholders loans from Orocobre (75%) and TTC (25%).PROGRESS TO DATEConstruction of key items for the Stage 2 Expansion such as ponds, secondary liming plant, roads and camp upgrades continued to advance during Q1 FY20.As at 30 September, approximately US$62.2 million has been spent on the first phase of expansion activities including the construction of new roads, vegetation clearing, construction of new evaporation and harvest ponds, secondary liming plant and 15 new production wells.During Q4 FY19 an invitation to tender was sent out for the design, construction and related earthworks for a number of new buildings required for the Stage 2 Expansion. All tenders are now under final review allowing for construction of the main buildings to begin before the next wet season.International construction company Worley has been awarded the Engineering, Procurement, Management and Construction (EPCM) contract for the Stage 2 Expansion. Worley has commenced defining the projects safety execution plan. Detailed engineering for the carbonate plant is underway and due for completion in Q2 FY20.Two new evaporation ponds (20A & 22B) were completed during the quarter. Vegetation clearing and construction of six additional evaporation ponds (21A, 11A, 12B, 14B, 20B & 12A) continues. Brine transfer duct construction continues.NARAHA LITHIUM HYDROXIDE PLANTPROGRESS TO DATEDuring the quarter Orocobre Managing Director and CEO Mr. Martín Pérez de Solay, TTC and TLC representatives hosted a groundbreaking ceremony to signify the commencement of construction at the Naraha Plant.The Naraha Plant, the first of its kind to be built in Japan, is designed to convert industrial grade lithium carbonate feedstock into purified battery grade lithium hydroxide. Feedstock for the 10,000 tonne per annum (tpa) Naraha Plant will be sourced from the Olaroz Lithium Facility’s Stage 2 Expansion that will produce industrial grade (>99.0% Li2CO3) lithium carbonate.Sales of the lithium hydroxide will be managed by TTC as exclusive sales agent under a similar joint marketing arrangement to that operating for lithium carbonate from the Olaroz Lithium Facility. The majority of production is expected to be delivered to the Japanese battery industry. A cathode manufacturing plant is already in operation in the immediate vicinity and plans have been announced to develop a battery manufacturing facility nearby.As at 30 September, approximately US$35 million has been spent on the first phase of engineering and civil works at the Naraha Plant. Further detailed engineering has seen expected total capital expenditure revised to JPY9.5 billion (US$90 million, US$1 = JPY105) which remains within previously announced funding availability. Total US$ expenditure has been negatively affected by approximately US$4 million due to weakening of the US$/JPY exchange rate.Progress to date has seen the issuing of the project’s safety management plan and manual, Veolia Water Technologies and TTC project staff attend safety training and procurement commencing for key Naraha Plant components including agitators, polishing filters, hydrocyclones, pumps and a filter press.SHARED VALUE PROGRAM AND COMMUNITYSDJ’s community engagement and investment initiatives during the September quarter continued in accordance with the Company’s Shared Value approach.EDUCATIONA total of 20 community employees and contractors are currently participating in formal secondary school studies via the Orocobre supported education program. Students attend classes Tuesdays, Wednesdays and Thursdays every week during the semester. In addition to courses, a series of infrastructure projects were completed during the September quarter which provide improved facilities for community-based education and development. These include teaching rooms in Puesto Sey, multi-use facilities in San Juan and extensions to community halls in both Pastos Chicos and Huáncar.TRANSPARENCY AND EMPOWERMENTOur participatory environmental monitoring program continued with ten participants from seven communities undertaking quarterly monitoring activities, with no concerns or observations raised.Stage one of the capacity building program with lime transport companies from the local communities was completed by Consultoria Logistec. Stage two of the program is now underway. Investment in local community suppliers has continued, with supply contracts to local communities injecting on average US$1.2 million per month into the local economy.PRODUCTION AND NATURAL RESOURCESDuring the month of August, the traditional ‘Pachamama Festival’ was held, providing an opportunity for local communities to give thanks to Mother Earth. The Shared Value team actively participated in the celebrations across all local communities. The largest celebration was held at the Olaroz Lithium Facility with representatives attending from the local and provincial governments.The Vicuña Shearing Project has progressed, with analysis and census of vicuña numbers from the Olaroz Chico community now completed and the final report being delivered to the provincial government authorities in order to obtain the necessary permit. Once the permit has been granted the planning of the project’s second stage will commence. The project will directly benefit 16 families/llama producers, as the shearing infrastructure can be used for both llamas and vicuñas.Construction of a greenhouse built from recycled plastic bottles was completed for the Primary School in Coranzuli. It was built in collaboration with the Community Commission, parents, students, teachers, and the broader municipality accompanied by SDJ’s Shared Value team.Further technical training was delivered by INTI (Argentine National Institute of Technology) to women involved in the fibre spinning business in Huáncar to improve their weaving techniques and use of new machinery.MARKET AND SALESIndustry-specific and broader macro-economic factors continue to impact lithium chemical demand. However, Orocobre remains focused on strong long-term demand fundamentals driven by continued growth in the electric vehicle (EV) segment and a recovery in the energy storage system (ESS) segment. As a result, Orocobre maintains long-term demand forecasts in line with the consensus of other major lithium producers of 17% to 20% CAGR between 2019 and 2025.SUPPLYDuring the September quarter lithium chemical prices in the seaborne market remained in line with the Chinese domestic market due to the involvement of large Chinese hard rock converters. China’s battery market was adequately supplied by domestic sources encouraging Chinese producers to continue supply to South Korean and Japanese battery markets.Established South American brine producers leveraged their cost structure to marginalise independent hard rock suppliers that are still in ramp-up and have limited opportunity to lower price. As a result, Chinese imports of lithium chemicals grew at the expense of new, independent hard rock supply.Battery customers maintained a cautious approach to procuring raw materials while glass, ceramics customers and small chemical conversion plants reported adequate supply to meet near-term requirements. Large chemical converters purchased opportunistically resulting in an aggressive pricing environment.DEMANDShort-term demand remained subdued due to the same set of factors as the previous quarter including slower Chinese EV market growth, cathode/battery performance challenges, US/China trade war and lower ESS demands following safety incidents. However, signs of strong long-term fundamentals continued to build.The European Union reiterated their focus on the reduction of CO2 emissions which will result in more stringent penalties implemented in 2021. Capacity commitments of battery manufacturers continued to grow with ~2,026 GWh committed compared with ~292 GWh in 2019. Furthermore, several partnerships were announced including Toyota and CATL, Northvolt and VW, and LG Chem and Tesla demonstrating a commitment to accelerate battery technology development and EV adoption.CONCLUSIONWhile weak market conditions have persisted longer than expected, a recovery is expected when the battery supply chain reaches more manageable inventory levels. A strong acceleration in market demand growth is expected in the medium to long term as EV manufacturing profitability improves, total cost of EV ownership lowers and battery technology objectives within the EV and ESS segments including energy density, range and safety are achieved.Outside of Europe and China, India’s government has introduced a series of initiatives leveraging a significant budget of US$1.5 billion over three years to develop a battery supply chain. Meanwhile the US and Australian governments remain in discussions to develop battery supply chains domestically.BORAX ARGENTINA S.A.SAFETYTwo LTIs were recorded at the Tincalayu mine during the quarter. As at 30 September, the Sijes mine had achieved 229 days without an LTI, Tincalayu had achieved 74 days without an LTI and Campo Quijano had achieved 182 days without an LTI.
Borax continues to demonstrate improvement in sales performance. Business development projects are being converted into sales growth with new supply agreements being signed with world-class players in the fertilizer and industrial sectors. Unit costs continue to be controlled at, or near record lows.The September quarter saw Borax deliver another good performance with 12,480 tonnes sold (up 6% QoQ and up 33% PCP). Total sales revenue was the same QoQ, with average price received down 6% QoQ due to product mix.

The study on an expansion of the Tincalayu refined borates operation remains under review. Approvals have been received for a new gas pipeline to supply the expanded plant and initial cost estimates are under review.ADVANTAGE LITHIUM CORP.Advantage Lithium Corp. (TSV:AAL) manages a portfolio of high-quality assets in Argentina, including the Cauchari Joint Venture in which Orocobre holds a 25% interest. Orocobre also holds approximately 34.7% of Advantage’s common shares.During the quarter Orocobre agreed to support a Private Placement by Advantage. Orocobre’s investment in this capital raise was C$1,536,025 and following completion of the placement, Orocobre now holds 34.7% of Advantage’s Common Shares (56,564,909). The Common Shares issued pursuant to the Private Placement are subject to a four month hold period from the date of closing.The funds will be used by Advantage for general working capital and to fund continued development and exploration activities on its lithium properties in Argentina.Advantage are preparing a Pre-Feasibility Study (PFS) that will examine all production and processing alternatives and recommend an optimal development path. The PFS will include a range analysis for up to 30,000 tonnes per annum final lithium product, including lithium hydroxide.CORPORATE AND ADMINISTRATIONFINANCECASH BALANCEAs at 30 September 2019, Orocobre corporate had available cash of US$223.5 million of which US$11.1 million has been set aside as a guarantee for the Naraha debt facility.The US$24.3 million cash reduction from the prior quarter was the result of a US$20.7 million shareholders loan made to the SDJ Joint Venture to fund Olaroz expansion activities, US$2.8 million in corporate costs, US$1.4 million Advantage investment payment, US$0.2 million in Cauchari JV expenditure. This expenditure was partially offset by US$0.8 million interest income.Including SDJ and Borax cash and project debt, net group cash at 30 September 2019 was US$151.2 million, down from US$181.0 million at 30 June 2019.INFLATION VERSUS DEVALUATIONThe AR$/US$ exchange rate exchange rate depreciated by 36% during the quarter from AR$42.46/US$ at 30 June 2019 to AR$57.59 at 30 September 2019, whilst inflation for the same period was approximately 14%. When looking at the accumulated 12-month period from 1 October 2018 to 30 September 2019, devaluation of the AR$ against the US$ was 40% versus inflation of approximately 55%. Over time, inflation and devaluation generally cancel each other out.OTHER MATTERSNEW OROCOBRE CHIEF OPERATING OFFICEROrocobre has welcomed Mr. Hersen Porta into the role of Chief Operating Officer (COO). Hersen will be responsible for overseeing the operations of both the Olaroz Lithium Facility and Borax. Hersen has significant experience in process engineering, production, process control and quality performance and additionally has been involved with commissioning of several new chemical plants which will be invaluable experience as the Stage 2 Expansion is completed.VISIT BY GOVERNOR MORALESDuring the quarter SDJ, the local operating company of the Olaroz Lithium Facility, conducted a site tour and press conference together with the Governor of Jujuy, Gerardo Morales. The press conference was held for local media and dignitaries to discuss the Stage 2 Expansion project, employment of local Jujuy community members and the promising future of lithium production in the Jujuy region.The event was attended by Minister of Infrastructure, Public Services, Land and Housing, Mr. Jorge Rizzotti; the President of the Board of Drinking Water of Jujuy, Mr. Víctor Galarza; the Secretary of Mining and Hydrocarbons, Mr. Miguel Soler; the Secretary of Indigenous Peoples, Ms. Alejandra Liquín; the President of JEMSE, Mr. Carlos Oehler; Managing Director and CEO of Orocobre, Mr. Martín Pérez de Solay; COO, Mr. Hersen Porta; SDJ General Manager of Operations, Mr. Francisco Torres; together with workers from SDJ.FOR FURTHER INFORMATION PLEASE CONTACT:Andrew Barber
Investor Relations Manager                                                                              
Orocobre Limited                                                                                                                              
T: +61 7 3871 3985                                                                                            
M: +61 418 783 701                                                                                                          
E: abarber@orocobre.com
W: www.orocobre.com.au
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1 All figures presented in this report are unaudited2 All figures 100% Olaroz Project basis3 Orocobre report price as “FOB” (Free On Board) which excludes insurance and freight charges included in “CIF” (Cost, Insurance, Freight) pricing.
Therefore, the Company’s reported prices are net of freight (shipping), insurance, sales commission and export taxes. FOB prices are reported by the Company to provide clarity on the sales revenue that is recognized by SDJ, the joint venture company in Argentina
4 Excludes royalties, export tax and corporate costs5 Includes 2,312 tonnes of low value mineral product

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